Warren E. Burger

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Tuesday, September 17, 1907
Died 
Sunday, June 25, 1995
Childhood Location 
Minnesota
Childhood Surroundings 
Minnesota
Religion 
Presbyterian
Ethnicity 
Swiss/German
Father 
Charles J. Burger
Father's Occupation 
Railroad cargo inspector; small farmer; salesman
Mother 
Katharine Schnittger
Family Status 
Lower-middle
Position 
Chief Justice
Seat 
1
Nominated By 
Nixon
Commissioned on 
Monday, June 23, 1969
Sworn In 
Monday, June 23, 1969
Left Office 
Friday, September 26, 1986
Reason For Leaving 
Retired
Length of Service 
17 years, 3 months, 3 days
Home 
Virginia
Warren E. Burger
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: George Augusta)
Biography 

Warren Earl Burger was born in St. Paul Minnesota. In a family of seven children, Burger earned his way through college and law school. He engaged in private legal practice for more than twenty years, but during this period he became active in state Republican Party matters. He worked in the Justice Department under President Eisenhower, who nominated Burger in 1956 to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

Burger was named by President Richard Nixon in 1969 to replace Earl Warren as Chief Justice. Burger was a strong advocate of "strict construction" to the interpretation of the Constitution. He identified with the Court's conservative wing and frequently voted to limit the liberal decisions of the Warren period. Burger was not one-dimensional. He authored the Court's opinion upholding the right of trial judges to order busing as a remedy for school segregation and he spoke for a unanimous Court upholding a subpeona for the Watergate tapes which resulted in President Nixon's resignation.

Clerkships 
Clerk Law Schoolsort icon Terms Clerked
Harry A. Rissetto Georgetown (1968) 1969
Bruce P. Brown Georgia (1984) 1986
James L. Volling GW (1979) 1980
John H. Korns Harvard (1970) 1971
G. Edward White Harvard (1970) 1971
Daniel R. Coquillette Harvard (1971) 1972
Jack M. Weiss Harvard (1971) 1972
Stephen B. Burbank Harvard (1973) 1974
Stewart Jay Harvard (1976) 1977
Robinson B. Lacy Harvard (1977) 1978
Paul L. Shechtman Harvard (1979) 1979
John E. Sexton Harvard (1979) 1980
Mark B. Helm Harvard (1982) 1983
Wallace K. Lightsey Harvard (1983) 1984
Matthew M. Neumeier Harvard (1984) 1985

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Cite this Page
Warren E. Burger. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 24 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/warren_e_burger?page=1&order=field_education_value&sort=asc>.
Warren E. Burger, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/warren_e_burger?page=1&order=field_education_value&sort=asc (last visited June 24, 2014).
"Warren E. Burger," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 24, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/warren_e_burger?page=1&order=field_education_value&sort=asc.