Warren E. Burger

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Tuesday, September 17, 1907
Died 
Sunday, June 25, 1995
Childhood Location 
Minnesota
Childhood Surroundings 
Minnesota
Religion 
Presbyterian
Ethnicity 
Swiss/German
Father 
Charles J. Burger
Father's Occupation 
Railroad cargo inspector; small farmer; salesman
Mother 
Katharine Schnittger
Family Status 
Lower-middle
Position 
Chief Justice
Seat 
1
Nominated By 
Nixon
Commissioned on 
Monday, June 23, 1969
Sworn In 
Monday, June 23, 1969
Left Office 
Friday, September 26, 1986
Reason For Leaving 
Retired
Length of Service 
17 years, 3 months, 3 days
Home 
Virginia
Warren E. Burger
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: George Augusta)
Biography 

Warren Earl Burger was born in St. Paul Minnesota. In a family of seven children, Burger earned his way through college and law school. He engaged in private legal practice for more than twenty years, but during this period he became active in state Republican Party matters. He worked in the Justice Department under President Eisenhower, who nominated Burger in 1956 to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

Burger was named by President Richard Nixon in 1969 to replace Earl Warren as Chief Justice. Burger was a strong advocate of "strict construction" to the interpretation of the Constitution. He identified with the Court's conservative wing and frequently voted to limit the liberal decisions of the Warren period. Burger was not one-dimensional. He authored the Court's opinion upholding the right of trial judges to order busing as a remedy for school segregation and he spoke for a unanimous Court upholding a subpeona for the Watergate tapes which resulted in President Nixon's resignation.

Clerkships 
Clerk Law Schoolsort icon Terms Clerked
Gene C. Schaerr Yale (1985) 1986
Walter "Jack" F. Pratt Yale (1977) 1978
Arthur F. Fergenson Yale (1972) 1973
Richard D. Diamond Yale (1971) 1972
Ray W. Campbell Virginia (1983) 1984
J. Michael Luttig Virginia (1981) 1983
Timothy E. Flanigan Virginia (1981) 1985
John C. Ale Virginia (1979) 1980
Henry L. Parr, Jr. Virginia (1976) 1977
Paul J. Ondrasik, Jr. Virginia (1975) 1976
Kenneth F. Ripple Virginia (1968) 1973
Michael D. Zimmerman Utah (1969) 1969
Thomas B. Green Utah 1982
Alex Kozinski UCLA (1975) 1976
Paul G. Cassell Stanford (1984) 1985

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Warren E. Burger. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 14 August 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/warren_e_burger?order=field_education_value&sort=desc&=>.
Warren E. Burger, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/warren_e_burger?order=field_education_value&sort=desc&= (last visited August 14, 2014).
"Warren E. Burger," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed August 14, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/warren_e_burger?order=field_education_value&sort=desc&=.