Stanley Matthews

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Wednesday, July 21, 1824
Died 
Friday, March 22, 1889
Childhood Location 
Ohio
Childhood Surroundings 
Ohio
Position 
Associate Justice
Seat 
7
Nominated By 
Garfield
Commissioned on 
Thursday, May 12, 1881
Sworn In 
Tuesday, May 17, 1881
Left Office 
Friday, March 22, 1889
Reason For Leaving 
Death
Length of Service 
7 years, 10 months, 5 days
Home 
Ohio
Stanley Matthews
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: C. Gregory Stapko)
Biography 

Thomas Stanley Matthews was a wunderkind. He entered Kenyon College as a junior and graduated at sixteen. He read law and then moved from Ohio to Tennessee where he was admitted to the bar at eighteen. He returned to Ohio two years where he was a newspaper editor. His strong antislavery views propelled him to a number of public offices.

Matthews would later serve briefly in the United States Senate. He was nominated by President Rutherford B. Hayes when Justice Swayne resigned. The appointment was not confirmed. The senate accused Hayes of cronyism since he and Matthews were classmates at Kenyon College, practiced law in Cincinnati, and served as officers in the state infantry. Garfield renominated Matthews. The matter finally came to a vote in 1881 and Matthews' appointment was confirmed, 24 to 23.

Matthews proved a hard worker who shouldered significant responsibility. Though his tenure was relatively brief (only seven years), his opinions for the Court in the Hurtado and Yick Wo cases, have had lasting influence since they are cited by judges to this day.

Which player's contribution to baseball best matches Stanley Matthews's contribution to law?

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Cite this Page
Stanley Matthews. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 13 December 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/stanley_matthews>.
Stanley Matthews, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/stanley_matthews (last visited December 13, 2014).
"Stanley Matthews," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed December 13, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/stanley_matthews.