Robert H. Jackson

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Saturday, February 13, 1892
Died 
Saturday, October 9, 1954
Childhood Location 
Pennsylvania
Childhood Surroundings 
Pennsylvania
Position 
Associate Justice
Seat 
10
Nominated By 
Roosevelt, F.
Commissioned on 
Friday, July 11, 1941
Sworn In 
Friday, July 11, 1941
Left Office 
Saturday, October 9, 1954
Reason For Leaving 
Death
Length of Service 
13 years, 2 months, 29 days
Home 
New York

Cases Argued

Robert H. Jackson
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: John C. Johnsen)
Biography 

Robert H. Jackson grew up near Jamestown, New York. He worked as an apprentice in a law firm there. He spent a year at Albany Law School, then passed the bar and entered the profession. He soon tried his hand at electoral politics and was elected a Democratic state committeeman. But he soon recognized that politics involved patronage and favors, which did not suit his temperament, so he returned to private practice. Jackson joined the New Deal administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He rose from IRS legal counsel to Assistant Attorney General, to Solicitor General, and finally, to Attorney General. Roosevelt appointed Jackson to the Supreme Court in 1941 after years of loyal and effective advocacy. While on the Court, Jackson served as chief U.S. prosecutor at the Nuremberg war crimes trials at the conclusion of World War II. He returned to a deeply divided Court. Upon news of the death of Chief Justice Stone, two of Jackson's colleagues threatened to resign if Jackson were selected as Stone's replacement. Jackson was a fine craftsman. His opinions displayed an elegant prose style. He was witty and combative as he advanced his brand of judicial restraint.

Clerkships 
Clerk Law Schoolsort icon Terms Clerked
Howard C. Buschman, Jr. 1949
Alan Y. Cole 1949
John Cushman 1950
Donald Cronson 1952
C. George Niebank, Jr. Buffalo (1950) 1950, 1951
John F. Costelloe Harvard 1941, 1942
Phil C. Neal Harvard (1943) 1943, 1944
Murray Gartner Harvard (1945) 1945, 1946
William H. Rehnquist Stanford (1952) 1952
James M. Marsh Temple (1947) 1947, 1948
E. Barrett Prettyman, Jr. Virginia (1953) 1953

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Cite this Page
Robert H. Jackson. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 07 April 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/robert_h_jackson?order=field_education_value&sort=asc>.
Robert H. Jackson, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/robert_h_jackson?order=field_education_value&sort=asc (last visited April 7, 2014).
"Robert H. Jackson," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed April 7, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/robert_h_jackson?order=field_education_value&sort=asc.