Philip P. Barbour

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Sunday, May 25, 1783
Died 
Thursday, February 25, 1841
Childhood Location 
Virginia
Childhood Surroundings 
Virginia
Position 
Associate Justice
Seat 
6
Nominated By 
Jackson
Commissioned on 
Tuesday, March 15, 1836
Sworn In 
Thursday, May 12, 1836
Left Office 
Thursday, February 25, 1841
Reason For Leaving 
Death
Length of Service 
4 years, 9 months, 13 days
Home 
Virginia
Philip P. Barbour
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: George P.A. Healy)
Biography 

Philip Barbour was a native of Virginia whose wealthy family had long been involved in colonial, state, and national politics. He was tutored privately, read law briefly, and set up his own legal practice in Kentucky when he was seventeen. He returned to Virginia, married, and then ran for public office.

Barbour was twice elected to the House of Representatives. He made an unsuccessful bid to be Speaker, losing to Henry Clay. He was appointed to the federal district court for Eastern Virginia in 1830; he remained a federal trial judge until his appointment to the Supreme Court. President Andrew Jackson nominated Barbour to the Supreme Court in February 1835 to replace Gabriel Duvall.

Barbour was part of Virginia's slaveholding plantation elite; his values promoted the interests of that class. He supported states' rights and was therefore opposed to federally sponsored internal improvements and the second Bank of the United States. He was a vigorous defender of slavery.

Barbour wrote a handful of opinions. His only important constitutional decision for the Court was in Mayor of New York v. Miln.

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Cite this Page
Philip P. Barbour. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 12 December 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/philip_p_barbour>.
Philip P. Barbour, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/philip_p_barbour (last visited December 12, 2014).
"Philip P. Barbour," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed December 12, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/philip_p_barbour.