John Rutledge

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Friday, September 4, 1739
Died 
Friday, July 18, 1800
Childhood Location 
South Carolina
Childhood Surroundings 
South Carolina
Position 
Associate Justice
Seat 
2
Nominated By 
Washington
Commissioned on 
Saturday, September 26, 1789
Sworn In 
Monday, February 15, 1790
Left Office 
Saturday, March 5, 1791
Reason For Leaving 
Resigned
Length of Service 
1 year, 0 months, 18 days (1 year, 0 months, 18 days / 0 years, 4 months, 3 days)
Home 
South Carolina
Position 
Chief Justice
Seat 
1
Commissioned on 
Wednesday, July 1, 1795
Sworn In 
Wednesday, August 12, 1795
Left Office 
Tuesday, December 15, 1795
Reason For Leaving 
Rejected
Length of Service 
1 year, 0 months, 18 days (1 year, 0 months, 18 days / 0 years, 4 months, 3 days)
Home 
South Carolina
John Rutledge
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: Robert Hinckley (after John Trumbull))
Biography 

John Rutledge of South Carolina was a leader in the colony's move to rebellion and later a key political leader. He chaired his state's delegation to the Constitutional Convention in Philadephia in 1787 where he defended states' rights and slaveholding interests.

President George Washington appointed Rutledge as one of the original associate justices to the Supreme Court. Rutledge soon resigned without ever deciding a case and became chief justice of South Carolina. Washington sought him again; this time to be chief justice of the United States where he presided briefly over the six-man Court as an interim appointee. He spoke publicly against the Jay Treaty which aroused the ire of his fellow Federalists who controlled the Senate. They refused to confirm his appointment and he left the bench in 1795.

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Cite this Page
John Rutledge. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 04 April 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/john_rutledge>.
John Rutledge, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/john_rutledge (last visited April 4, 2014).
"John Rutledge," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed April 4, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/john_rutledge.