John H. Clarke

Media Items
Personal Information
Friday, September 18, 1857
Thursday, March 22, 1945
Childhood Location 
Childhood Surroundings 
Associate Justice
Nominated By 
Commissioned on 
Monday, July 24, 1916
Sworn In 
Monday, October 9, 1916
Left Office 
Monday, September 18, 1922
Reason For Leaving 
Length of Service 
5 years, 11 months, 9 days
John H. Clarke
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: Edeth Stevenson Wright)

John H. Clarke was born and raised in Lisbon, Ohio. After graduating from Western Reserve College, he read law and entered his father's practice in Ohio. Clarke quickly ventured on his own. He published the Youngstown Vindicator; it became the outlet for Clarke's strong progressivism. He supported suffrage for women, a mandatory civil service, and public disclosure of campaign expenditures. Clarke read widely and lectured on Shakespeare and James Russell Lowell.

Clarke, a progressive Democrat, twice entered unsuccessful contests for the U.S. Senate. President Wilson appointed him to the federal district court for the Northern District of Ohio.

Wilson nominated Clarke to replace Charles Evans Hughes, who resigned to run against Wilson for the presidency in 1916. Clarke's support for progressive causes never reached fruition on the Court because Clarke reisgned after less than six years in order to promote American participation in the League of Nations.

Clerk Law School Terms Clerked
S. Edward Widdifield 1919, 1921

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John H. Clarke. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 26 August 2015. <>.
John H. Clarke, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, (last visited August 26, 2015).
"John H. Clarke," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed August 26, 2015,