Harry A. Blackmun

Media Items
Personal Information
Thursday, November 12, 1908
Thursday, March 4, 1999
Childhood Location 
Childhood Surroundings 
Corwin Blackmun
Father's Occupation 
Theo Reuter
Family Status 
Associate Justice
Nominated By 
Commissioned on 
Thursday, May 14, 1970
Sworn In 
Tuesday, June 9, 1970
Left Office 
Wednesday, August 3, 1994
Reason For Leaving 
Length of Service 
24 years, 1 month, 24 days
Harry A. Blackmun
Everett Raymond Kinstler, Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States

Harry Blackmun was born in southern Illinois and raised in Minnesota. One of his earliest friends from his days in grade school was Warren Burger; they would later serve together on the nation's highest court.

Blackmun attended Harvard College and graduated with a degree in mathematics. He completed his law degree at Harvard and then clerked for a federal appeals court judge in Minneapolis. He then entered private legal practice until President Dwight Eisenhower appointed Blackmun to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Blackmun was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Nixon following the Senate's rejection of two other Nixon nominees.

Early on, Blackmun was frequently paired with conservative Chief Justice Warren Burger. Within a short time, however, Blackmun emerged as a sympathetic liberal. Perhaps his most famous (or infamous) opinion recognized a constitutional right to abortion. The result was a tirade of abuse on Blackmun personally and on the Court he served.

In 1994, after nearly 24 years of service, Blackmun announced his decision to retire. His sentimentalism endeared him to liberals, though Blackmun insisted he did not change his views. At his retirement news conference, Blackmun reflected on his first day as a Justice. His rhetorical question posed on his first day of service -- "What am I doing here?" -- offers a puzzling clue to the core of his jurisprudence.

Clerk Law Schoolsort icon Terms Clerked
Alan S. Madans Duke (1981) 1982
Ann Hubbard Duke (1992) 1993
Kevin M. Kearney Emory (1987) 1988
Anne Dupre Georgia (1988) 1989
James W. Ziglar GW (1972) 1972
Scott R. McIntosh Harvard 1983
Daniel B. Edelman Harvard (1969) 1970
George T. Frampton Harvard (1969) 1971
James J. Knicely Harvard (1972) 1973
Karen Nelson Moore Harvard (1973) 1974
David C. Patterson Harvard (1974) 1975
Richard A. Meserve Harvard (1975) 1976
Richard K. Willard Harvard (1975) 1976
Penda Hair Harvard (1978) 1979
Harold Hongju Koh Harvard (1980) 1981

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Harry A. Blackmun. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 28 August 2015. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/harry_a_blackmun?page=1&order=field_education_value&sort=asc>.
Harry A. Blackmun, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/harry_a_blackmun?page=1&order=field_education_value&sort=asc (last visited August 28, 2015).
"Harry A. Blackmun," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed August 28, 2015, http://www.oyez.org/justices/harry_a_blackmun?page=1&order=field_education_value&sort=asc.