Harold Burton

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Friday, June 22, 1888
Died 
Wednesday, October 28, 1964
Childhood Location 
Massachusetts
Childhood Surroundings 
Massachusetts
Religion 
Unitarian
Ethnicity 
English/Swiss
Father 
Alfred E. Burton
Father's Occupation 
Professor
Mother 
Gertrude Hitz
Family Status 
Middle
Position 
Associate Justice
Seat 
9
Nominated By 
Truman
Commissioned on 
Saturday, September 22, 1945
Sworn In 
Monday, October 1, 1945
Left Office 
Monday, October 13, 1958
Reason For Leaving 
Retired
Length of Service 
13 years, 0 months, 12 days
Home 
Ohio
Harold Burton
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: CJ Fox)
Biography 

Harold Burton was born and raised in a Boston suburb. He attended Bowdoin College and completed his law degree at Harvard. He practiced law in Ohio and later served as the mayor of Cleveland.

Burton holds the unusual distinction of being the only Republican appointed to the Supreme Court from 1933 to 1953, a period of virtually complete Democratic control. He proved to be the most liberal of Truman's four appointments. He possessed extraordinary personal charm. As one scholar wrote, "probably no member of the...Court enjoyed greater affection from his colleagues on the bench...." But his liberal views did not always protect individual rights, as his opinion for the Court in the Bute case makes plain.

Clerkships 
Clerk Law Schoolsort icon Terms Clerked
John W. Douglas 1951
James R. Ryan 1952
John M. Leahy Catholic (1950) 1952
Roger C. Cramton Chicago (1955) 1956
Harris K. Weston Harvard (1946) 1946
William B. Matteson Harvard (1953) 1954
R. Markham Ball Harvard (1960) 1960
Timothy B. Dyk Harvard (1961) 1961
W. Howard Mann Iowa 1945
Ray C. Simmons Nebraska (1950) 1950
Marvin Schwartz Penn (1949) 1950
Charles C. Hileman, III Penn (1950) 1951
Thomas N. O'Neill, Jr. Penn (1953) 1954
David E. Wagoner Penn (1953) 1956
Carl W. Schneider Penn (1956) 1957

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Cite this Page
Harold Burton. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 24 October 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/harold_burton?order=field_education_value&sort=asc>.
Harold Burton, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/harold_burton?order=field_education_value&sort=asc (last visited October 24, 2014).
"Harold Burton," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed October 24, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/harold_burton?order=field_education_value&sort=asc.