Edward T. Sanford

Media Items
Personal Information
Sunday, July 23, 1865
Saturday, March 8, 1930
Childhood Location 
Childhood Surroundings 
Associate Justice
Nominated By 
Commissioned on 
Monday, January 29, 1923
Sworn In 
Monday, February 19, 1923
Left Office 
Saturday, March 8, 1930
Reason For Leaving 
Length of Service 
7 years, 0 months, 17 days
Edward T. Sanford
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: Eben F. Comins)

Edward Sanford was elevated from his perch as a federal trial judge in Tennessee to the nation's highest court by President Warren G. Harding after the strenuous lobbying efforts of Chief Justice William Howard Taft. Sanford seemed to return that loyalty by joining with the Chief Justice regularly while they were on the Court. Sanford also participated in Taft's "inner club" of conservative justices who met at Taft's home on Sunday afternoons.

Sanford contributed to the domain of civil liberties when he spoke for the Court upholding a state anarchy statute. Implicit in Sanford's reasoning was the notion that some provisions of the Bill of Rights apply with equal force to the states via the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause. This idea would have extraordinary consequences for the nationalization of the Bill of Rights during the era of the Warren Court.

Sanford's career on the Court ended when he died unexpectedly on the same day as the death of his mentor, retired Chief Justice William Howard Taft.

Clerk Law School Terms Clerked
William R. Loney 1922, 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1929

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Edward T. Sanford. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 28 August 2015. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/edward_t_sanford/>.
Edward T. Sanford, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/edward_t_sanford/ (last visited August 28, 2015).
"Edward T. Sanford," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed August 28, 2015, http://www.oyez.org/justices/edward_t_sanford/.