Edward D. White

Media Items
Personal Information
Born 
Monday, November 3, 1845
Died 
Thursday, May 19, 1921
Childhood Location 
Louisiana
Childhood Surroundings 
Louisiana
Position 
Associate Justice
Seat 
2
Nominated By 
Cleveland
Commissioned on 
Monday, February 19, 1894
Sworn In 
Monday, March 12, 1894
Left Office 
Sunday, December 18, 1910
Reason For Leaving 
Promoted
Length of Service 
27 years, 2 months, 7 days (16 years, 9 months, 6 days / 10 years, 5 months, 0 days)
Home 
Louisiana
Position 
Chief Justice
Seat 
1
Commissioned on 
Monday, December 12, 1910
Sworn In 
Monday, December 19, 1910
Left Office 
Thursday, May 19, 1921
Reason For Leaving 
Death
Length of Service 
27 years, 2 months, 7 days (16 years, 9 months, 6 days / 10 years, 5 months, 0 days)
Home 
Louisiana
Edward D. White
The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States (Artist: Albert Rosenthal)
Biography 

Edward D. White was the son of a slaveholding suger planter; he was born and raised in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana. White traveled north to college and enrolled briefly in Mount St. Mary's College in Emmitsburg, Maryland and in Georgetown College (now Georgetown University) in Washington DC. But White's education was cut short by the Civil War. He enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1861. Two years later, he was captured and held as a prisoner of war until the end of the conflict.

Following the war, White read law in New Orleans and then was admitted to the bar. He established a successful practice and then entered politics. He was elected as a Democrat to the state senate. In 1878, at the tender age of 33, he was appointed to the Louisiana Supreme Court; he was later removed from the court when he could not meet a new minimum age requirement enacted after his appointment became effective. Ten years later, he returned to politics when the state legislature elected him to represent Louisiana in the U.S. Senate.

White's appointment to the Supreme Court was a surprise. President Cleveland had twice sought to appoint New Yorkers to replace Blatchford, who had died; but the New York senators were Cleveland's foes and they exercised senatorial courtesy to scotch the appointments. Cleveland found a lead-pipe cinch in White since senators would never disapprove of one of their own.

Clerkships 
Clerk Law School Terms Clerked
John J. Byrne 1918, 1919

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Cite this Page
Edward D. White. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 25 November 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/justices/edward_d_white>.
Edward D. White, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/justices/edward_d_white (last visited November 25, 2014).
"Edward D. White," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed November 25, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/justices/edward_d_white.