FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION v. BEAUMONT

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
02-403
Petitioner 
Federal Election Commission
Respondent 
Beaumont
Advocates
(Department of Justice, argued the cause for the petitioner)
(Argued the cause for the respondents)
Tags
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Facts of the Case 

In 1971 Congress passed the Federal Election Campaign Act, banning direct corporate donations to federal election campaigns. In 2000, Christine Beaumont and the North Carolina Right to Life (NCRL), an anti-abortion advocacy group, challenged the act, saying it violated their right to free speech. The group is an incorporated non-profit that lobbies and backs political candidates friendly to its cause, but under the act it cannot make political donations. The district court ruled in favor of NCRL. The 4th Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed.

Question 

Does the Federal Election Campaign Act's ban on corporate political donations violate the freedom of speech for incorporated, non-profit advocacy groups?

Conclusion 
Decision: 7 votes for Federal Election Commission, 2 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Federal Election Campaign

No. In a 7-2 opinion delivered by Justice David H. Souter, the Court held that applying the direct contribution prohibition to nonprofit advocacy corporations is consistent with the First Amendment. The Court reasoned that it could not hold for NCRL "without recasting our understanding of the risks of harm posed by corporate political contributions, of the expressive significance of contributions, and of the consequent deference owed to legislative judgments on what to do about them." Justice Anthony M. Kennedy filed an opinion concurring in the judgment. Justice Clarence Thomas, joined by Justice Antonin Scalia, dissented, arguing that section 441b should have been subject to strict scrutiny and, under this standard, it could not stand.

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FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION v. BEAUMONT. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 30 September 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2002/2002_02_403>.
FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION v. BEAUMONT, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2002/2002_02_403 (last visited September 30, 2014).
"FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION v. BEAUMONT," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed September 30, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/2000-2009/2002/2002_02_403.