SHAARE TEFILA CONGREGATION v. COBB

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
85-2156
Petitioner 
Shaare Tefila Congregation
Respondent 
Cobb
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the petitioners)
(Argued the cause for the respondents)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

After its Maryland synagogue was painted with anti-Semitic slogans and symbols, the Shaare Tefila Congregation brought a suit charging the white defendants with racially discriminatory interference with property rights under 42 U.S.C. Section 1982. The Maryland District Court dismissed the claims, maintaining that white-on-white violence was not racially discriminatory.

Question 

Did the white defendants exhibit racially motivated discrimination in violation of the federal statute?

Conclusion 
Decision: 9 votes for Shaare Tefila Congregation, 0 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Reconstruction Civil Rights Acts (42 USC 1982)

Yes. The Court unanimously ruled that Jews can state a claim of racial discrimination since they were among the peoples considered to be distinct races and hence within the protection of U.S.C. Section 1982. The statute "was intended to protect from discrimination identifiable classes of persons who are subjected to intentional discrimination solely because of their ancestry or ethnic characteristics." The Jewish people most certainly suffered such discrimination and so were not barred from their claim simply because both they, like the defendants, were Caucasian.

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SHAARE TEFILA CONGREGATION v. COBB. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 20 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_2156>.
SHAARE TEFILA CONGREGATION v. COBB, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_2156 (last visited June 20, 2014).
"SHAARE TEFILA CONGREGATION v. COBB," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 20, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_2156.