PUERTO RICO v. BRANSTAD

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
85-2116
Petitioner 
Puerto Rico
Respondent 
Branstad
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the petitioner)
(Argued the cause for the respondents)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Ronald Calder was a native of Iowa working in Puerto Rico, He was charged with first degree murder and attempted murder. After posting bail, he fled to his home state. Puerto Rico submitted a petition to Branstad, Iowa's governor at the time, to extradite Calder for court proceedings. Branstad refused.

Question 

Do federal courts have the power to order governors to fulfill obligations under the Constitution's Extradition Clause in Article IV, Section 2?

Conclusion 
Decision: 9 votes for Puerto Rico, 0 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Article 4, Section 2, Paragraph 2: Extradition Clause

Yes. The Court overturned its decision in Kentucky v. Dennison (1861) which had rendered federal courts powerless to enforce the Extradition Clause. The unanimous Court concluded that the precedent in Kentucky was "the product of another age" and "fundamentally incompatible with more than a century of constitutional development."

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PUERTO RICO v. BRANSTAD. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 19 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_2116>.
PUERTO RICO v. BRANSTAD, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_2116 (last visited June 19, 2014).
"PUERTO RICO v. BRANSTAD," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 19, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_2116.