JOHNSON v. TRANSPORTATION AGENCY

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
85-1129
Petitioner 
Johnson
Respondent 
Transportation Agency
Advocates
(on behalf of Petitioner)
(on behalf of Respondents)
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Facts of the Case 

The Transportation Agency, Santa Clara, California promoted Diane Joyce to road dispatcher over Paul Johnson. Both candidates were qualified for the job. As an affirmative action employer, the Agency took into account the sex of the applicants in making the promotion decision.

Question 

Did the Agency impermissibly take into account the sex of the applicants in the promotion process and violate Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?

Conclusion 
Decision: 6 votes for Transportation Agency, 3 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII

The Court affirmed the promotion procedures of the Agency. Justice Brennan argued that it was not unreasonable to consider sex as one factor among many in making promotion decisions, and that the Agency's actions did not create an absolute barrier to the advancement of men (a quota system did not exist).

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JOHNSON v. TRANSPORTATION AGENCY. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 19 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_1129>.
JOHNSON v. TRANSPORTATION AGENCY, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_1129 (last visited June 19, 2014).
"JOHNSON v. TRANSPORTATION AGENCY," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 19, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1986/1986_85_1129.