CLEBURNE, TX v. CLEBURNE LIVING CENTER

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
84-468
Petitioner 
Cleburne, TX
Respondent 
Cleburne Living Center
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the respondents)
(Argued the cause for the petitioners)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

In 1980, Cleburne Living Center, Inc. submitted a permit application to operate a home for the mentally retarded. The city council of Cleburne voted to deny the special use permit, acting pursuant to a municipal zoning ordinance.

Question 

Did the denial of the permit violate the Equal Protection rights of Cleburne Living Center, Inc. and its potential residents?

Conclusion 
Decision: 9 votes for Cleburne Living Center, 0 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Equal Protection

In a unanimous judgment, the Court held that the denial of the special use permit to Cleburne Living Centers, Inc. was premised on an irrational prejudice against the mentally retarded, and hence unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. While the Court declined to grant the mentally retarded the status of a "quasi-suspect class," it nevertheless found that the "rational relation" test for legislative action provided sufficient protection against invidious discrimination.

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CLEBURNE, TX v. CLEBURNE LIVING CENTER. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 23 October 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1984/1984_84_468>.
CLEBURNE, TX v. CLEBURNE LIVING CENTER, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1984/1984_84_468 (last visited October 23, 2014).
"CLEBURNE, TX v. CLEBURNE LIVING CENTER," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed October 23, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1984/1984_84_468.