GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METRO. TRANSIT AUTHORITY

Print this Page
Case Basics
Docket No. 
82-1913
Appellee 
San Antonio Metro. Transit Authority
Appellant 
Garcia
Consolidation 
Donovan v. San Antonio Metro. Transit Authority, No. 82-1951
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the appellees)
(Argued the cause for the appellants)
(Argued the cause for the appellant)
(Reargued the cause for appellant, Donovan, in No. 82-1951)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

The San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (SAMTA), the main provider of transportation in the San Antonio metropolitan area, claimed it was exempt from the minimum-wage and overtime requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act. SAMTA argued that it was providing a "traditional" governmental function, which exempted it from federal controls according to the doctrine of federalism established in National League of Cities v. Usery (1976). Joe G. Garcia, an employee of SAMTA, brought suit for overtime pay under Fair Labor Standards Act.

Question 

Did principles of federalism make the San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority immune from the Fair Labor Standards Act?

Conclusion 
Decision: 5 votes for Garcia, 4 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Fair Labor Standards

In a 5-to-4 decision, the Court held that the guiding principles of federalism established in National League of Cities v. Usery were unworkable and that SAMTA was subject to Congressional legislation under the Commerce Clause. The Court found that rules based on the subjective determination of "integral" or "traditional" governmental functions provided little or no guidance in determining the boundaries of federal and state power. The Court argued that the structure of the federal system itself, rather than any "discrete limitations" on federal authority, protected state sovereignty.

Cite this Page
GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METRO. TRANSIT AUTHORITY. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 20 October 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1983/1983_82_1913>.
GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METRO. TRANSIT AUTHORITY, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1983/1983_82_1913 (last visited October 20, 2014).
"GARCIA v. SAN ANTONIO METRO. TRANSIT AUTHORITY," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed October 20, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1983/1983_82_1913.