MISS. UNIV. FOR WOMEN v. HOGAN

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
81-406
Petitioner 
Miss. Univ. for Women
Respondent 
Hogan
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the respondent)
(Argued the cause for the petitioners)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Joe Hogan, a registered nurse and qualified applicant, was denied admission to the Mississippi University for Women School of Nursing's baccalaureate program on the basis of sex. Created by a state statute in 1884, MUW was the oldest state-supported all-female college in the United States.

Question 

Did the state statute which prevented men from enrolling in MUW violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?

Conclusion 
Decision: 5 votes for Hogan, 4 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Equal Protection

Yes. The Court held that the state did not provide an "exceedingly persuasive justification" for the gender-based distinction. The state's primary argument, that the policy constituted educational affirmative action for women, was "unpersuasive" to the Court since women traditionally have not lacked opportunities to enter nursing. If anything, argued Justice O'Connor, the statute "tends to perpetuate the stereotyped view of nursing as an exclusively women's job."

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MISS. UNIV. FOR WOMEN v. HOGAN. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 26 November 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_81_406/>.
MISS. UNIV. FOR WOMEN v. HOGAN, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_81_406/ (last visited November 26, 2014).
"MISS. UNIV. FOR WOMEN v. HOGAN," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed November 26, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_81_406/.