UNITED STATES v. ROSS

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
80-2209
Petitioner 
United States
Respondent 
Ross
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the United States)
(Argued the cause for the respondent)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Acting on a tip that Ross was selling drugs from his car in the District of Columbia, police officers pulled Ross over, opened his trunk, and discovered a bag of heroin. After returning to the station, another search uncovered $3200 in cash. Officers acted without a warrant in each search.

Question 

Did the police violate the Fourth Amendment?

Conclusion 
Decision: 6 votes for United States, 3 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Amendment 4: Fourth Amendment

The Court held that since the search was done with probable cause and extended into the realm (Ross's car) of which a magistrate issuing a warrant would have approved, the officers did not violate the Fourth Amendment. Justice Stevens defended the search of the vehicle's trunk, arguing that if probable cause justifies a vehicle search, then every part of the vehicle is open to inspection.

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UNITED STATES v. ROSS. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 12 December 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2209>.
UNITED STATES v. ROSS, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2209 (last visited December 12, 2014).
"UNITED STATES v. ROSS," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed December 12, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2209.