ROGERS v. LODGE

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
80-2100
Appellee 
Lodge
Appellant 
Rogers
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the appellants)
(Argued the cause for the appellees)
Tags
Term:
Location: Burke County
Facts of the Case 

Eight black citizens of Burke County, Georgia, challenged the at-large system of elections within the county. Although a substantial number of blacks lived within the county, no minority candidate had ever been elected to the Burke County Board of Commissioners, the chief governing body. To be elected, candidates had to receive a majority of the votes cast in the primary or general election.

Question 

Did the system of elections violate the Fourteenth Amendment rights of Burke County's black citizens?

Conclusion 
Decision: 6 votes for Lodge, 3 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Equal Protection

In a 6-to-3 decision, the Court held that the at-large system of elections in Burke County violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Court held that there was sufficient evidence to warrant the conclusion that the at-large system was operated as a purposeful device to further racial discrimination. The Court held that there was extensive historical evidence that the county had impeded the political participation of black citizens and that the at-large system minimized even further the ability of blacks to participate in the political process. The Court also upheld the system of single-member districts established by a district court.

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ROGERS v. LODGE. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 20 October 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2100>.
ROGERS v. LODGE, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2100 (last visited October 20, 2014).
"ROGERS v. LODGE," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed October 20, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_80_2100.