NIXON v. FITZGERALD

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
79-1738
Petitioner 
Nixon
Respondent 
Fitzgerald
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the petitioner)
(on behalf of the Petitioners Harlow and Butterfield)
(Argued the cause for the respondent)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

In 1968, Fitzgerald, then a civilian analyst with the United States Air Force, testified before a congressional committee about inefficiencies and cost overruns in the production of the C-5A transport plane. Roughly one year later he was fired, an action for which President Nixon took responsibility. Fitzgerald then sued Nixon for damages after the Civil Service Commission concluded that his dismissal was unjust.

Question 

Was the President immune from prosecution in a civil suit?

Conclusion 
Decision: 5 votes for Nixon, 4 vote(s) against
Legal provision:

Yes. The Court held that the President "is entitled to absolute immunity from damages liability predicated on his official acts." This sweeping immunity, argued Justice Powell, was a function of the "President's unique office, rooted in the constitutional tradition of separation of powers and supported by our history."

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NIXON v. FITZGERALD. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 27 July 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_79_1738>.
NIXON v. FITZGERALD, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_79_1738 (last visited July 27, 2014).
"NIXON v. FITZGERALD," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed July 27, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1981/1981_79_1738.