UNITED STATES v. WILL

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
79-983
Appellee 
Will
Appellant 
United States
Consolidation 
No. 79-1689
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the appellees)
(Argued the cause for the United States)
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Congress enacted legislation in the late 1960s and early 1970s to adjust the compensation of federal employees, including judges, which provided automatic annual pay raises. However, from 1976 to 1979 Congress intervened and blocked cost-of-living increases which were scheduled to occur.

Question 

Did the congressional acts between 1976 and 1979 violate the Constitution's Compensation Clause of Article III?

Conclusion 
Decision: 8 votes for United States, 0 vote(s) against
Legal provision: 28 U.S.C. 455

In two of the years in question, Congress effectively revoked automatic pay increases after the statutes guaranteeing those increases had already taken effect. This amounted to a reduction in salaries for judges and violated the Compensation Clause.

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UNITED STATES v. WILL. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 20 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1980/1980_79_983>.
UNITED STATES v. WILL, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1980/1980_79_983 (last visited June 20, 2014).
"UNITED STATES v. WILL," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 20, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1980-1989/1980/1980_79_983.