UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA v. WEBER

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
78-432
Petitioner 
United Steelworkers of America
Respondent 
Weber
Consolidation 
Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp. v. Weber, No. 78-435
United States v. Weber, No. 78-436
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the petitioner, Kaiser Aluminum)
(Argued the cause for respondent Weber in all cases)
(Argued the cause for the petitioner, Steelworkers Union)
(Argued the cause for the United States et al., petitioners in No. 78-436)
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Facts of the Case 

The United Steelworkers of America and the Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corporation implemented an affirmative action-based training program to increase the number of the company's black skilled craft workers. Half of the eligible positions in the training program were reserved for blacks. Weber, who was white, was passed over for the program. Weber claimed that he was the victim of reverse discrimination. These cases (United Steelworkers v. Weber and Kaiser Aluminum v. Weber) were also decided together with United States v. Weber.

Question 

Did United and Kaiser Aluminum's training scheme violate Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race?

Conclusion 
Decision: 5 votes for United Steelworkers of America, 2 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII

No. The Court held that the training scheme was legitimate because the 1964 Act "did not intend to prohibit the private sector from taking effective steps" to implement the goals of Title VII. Since the program sought to eliminate archaic patterns of racial segregation and hierarchy while not prohibiting white employees from advancing in the company, it was consistent with the intent of the law.

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UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA v. WEBER. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 25 November 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1978/1978_78_432/>.
UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA v. WEBER, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1978/1978_78_432/ (last visited November 25, 2014).
"UNITED STEELWORKERS OF AMERICA v. WEBER," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed November 25, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1978/1978_78_432/.