ROE v. WADE

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
70-18
Petitioner 
Jane Roe
Respondent 
Henry Wade
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the appellants)
(Argued the cause for the appellee)
(Rergued the cause for the appellee)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Roe, a Texas resident, sought to terminate her pregnancy by abortion. Texas law prohibited abortions except to save the pregnant woman's life. After granting certiorari, the Court heard arguments twice. The first time, Roe's attorney -- Sarah Weddington -- could not locate the constitutional hook of her argument for Justice Potter Stewart. Her opponent -- Jay Floyd -- misfired from the start. Weddington sharpened her constitutional argument in the second round. Her new opponent -- Robert Flowers -- came under strong questioning from Justices Potter Stewart and Thurgood Marshall.

Question 

Does the Constitution embrace a woman's right to terminate her pregnancy by abortion?

Conclusion 
Decision: 7 votes for Roe, 2 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Due Process

The Court held that a woman's right to an abortion fell within the right to privacy (recognized in Griswold v. Connecticut) protected by the Fourteenth Amendment. The decision gave a woman total autonomy over the pregnancy during the first trimester and defined different levels of state interest for the second and third trimesters. As a result, the laws of 46 states were affected by the Court's ruling.

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ROE v. WADE. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 25 October 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1971/1971_70_18/>.
ROE v. WADE, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1971/1971_70_18/ (last visited October 25, 2014).
"ROE v. WADE," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed October 25, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1970-1979/1971/1971_70_18/.