DUNCAN v. LOUISIANA

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
410
Appellee 
Louisiana
Appellant 
Duncan
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the appellant)
(Argued the cause for the appellee)
Tags
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Facts of the Case 

Gary Duncan, a black teenager in Louisiana, was found guilty of assaulting a white youth by allegedly slapping him on the elbow. Duncan was sentenced to 60 days in prison and fined $150. Duncan's request for a jury trial was denied.

Question 

Was the State of Louisiana obligated to provide a trial by jury in criminal cases such as Duncan's?

Conclusion 
Decision: 7 votes for Duncan, 2 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Right to Trial By Jury

Yes. In a 7-to-2 decision, the Court held that the Sixth Amendment guarantee of trial by jury in criminal cases was "fundamental to the American scheme of justice," and that the states were obligated under the Fourteenth Amendment to provide such trials. Petty crimes, defined as those punishable by no more than six months in prison and a $500 fine, were not subject to the jury trial provision.

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DUNCAN v. LOUISIANA. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 17 December 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1967/1967_410>.
DUNCAN v. LOUISIANA, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1967/1967_410 (last visited December 17, 2014).
"DUNCAN v. LOUISIANA," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed December 17, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1967/1967_410.