WALKER v. BIRMINGHAM

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
249
Petitioner 
Walker
Respondent 
Birmingham
Advocates
(By special leave of the Court, argued the cause for the United States, as amicus curiae, urging reversal)
(Argued the cause for the respondent)
(Argued the cause for the respondent)
(Argued the cause for the petitioners)
Tags
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Civil rights activists who planned to march on Good Friday and Easter were denied parade permits from the city. When they indicated their intention to march anyway, Birmingham obtained an injunction from a state court which ordered them to refrain from demonstrating. Marchers who defied the order, including Martin Luther King, Jr. and Ralph Abernathy, were arrested.

Question 

Did the injunction violate the First Amendment?

Conclusion 
Decision: 5 votes for Birmingham, 4 vote(s) against
Legal provision:

The Court upheld the arrests since Walker failed to use proper judicial procedures to test the injunction's validity. Even though, Justice Stewart admitted, the injunction seemed broad and vague, and the marchers may not have enjoyed due process when applying for the permit originally, simply disobeying the injunction was illegitimate as "no man can be judge in his own case . . . however righteous his motives."

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WALKER v. BIRMINGHAM. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 19 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_249>.
WALKER v. BIRMINGHAM, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_249 (last visited June 19, 2014).
"WALKER v. BIRMINGHAM," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 19, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1966/1966_249.