HARPER v. VIRGINIA BOARD OF ELECTIONS

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
48
Appellee 
Virginia Board of Elections
Appellant 
Harper
Consolidation 
Butts v. Harrison, Governor of Virginia, No. 655
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the appellants Harper et al)
(Argued the cause for the appellant Butts)
(Argued the cause for the appellant Butts)
(Argued the cause for the appellees, Virginia Board of Elections and Harrison, in both cases)
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Facts of the Case 

Annie E. Harper, a resident of Virginia, filed suit alleging that the state's poll tax was unconstitutional. After a three-judge district court dismissed the complaint, the case went to the Supreme Court. This case was decided together with Butts v. Harrison.

Question 

Did the Virginia poll tax violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?

Conclusion 
Decision: 6 votes for Harper, 3 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Equal Protection

In a 6-to-3 decision, the Court held that making voter affluence an electoral standard violated the Equal Protection Clause. The Court found that wealth or fee-paying had no relation to voting qualifications. The Court also noted that the Equal Protection Clause was not "shackled to the political theory of a particular era" and that notions of what constituted equal treatment under the Clause were subject to change.

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HARPER v. VIRGINIA BOARD OF ELECTIONS. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 22 April 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1965/1965_48>.
HARPER v. VIRGINIA BOARD OF ELECTIONS, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1965/1965_48 (last visited April 22, 2014).
"HARPER v. VIRGINIA BOARD OF ELECTIONS," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed April 22, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1965/1965_48.