WESBERRY v. SANDERS

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
22
Petitioner 
Sanders
Respondent 
Wesberry
Opinion 
Advocates
(Pro hac vice, by special leave of Court, argued the cause for the appellants)
(Argued the cause for the appellants)
(By special leave of Court, argued the cause for the United States, as amicus curiae, urging reversal)
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Facts of the Case 

James P. Wesberry, Jr. filed a suit against the Governor of Georgia, Carl E. Sanders, protesting the state's apportionment scheme. The Fifth Congressional District, of which Wesberry was a member, had a population two to three times larger than some of the other districts in the state. Wesberry claimed this system diluted his right to vote compared to other Georgia residents.

Question 

Did Georgia's congressional districts violate the Fourteenth Amendment or deprive citizens of the full benefit of their right to vote?

Conclusion 
Decision: 6 votes for Wesberry, 3 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Article 1, Section 2, Paragraph 1: Composition of the House of Representatives

The Court held that Georgia's apportionment scheme grossly discriminated against voters in the Fifth Congressional District. Because a single congressman had to represent two to three times as many people as were represented by congressmen in other districts, the Georgia statute contracted the value of some votes and expanded the value of others. The Court recognized that "no right is more precious" than that of having a voice in elections and held that "[t]o say that a vote is worth more in one district than in another would not only run counter to our fundamental ideas of democratic government, it would cast aside the principle of a House of Representatives elected 'by the People. . .'"

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WESBERRY v. SANDERS. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 17 April 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1963/1963_22>.
WESBERRY v. SANDERS, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1963/1963_22 (last visited April 17, 2014).
"WESBERRY v. SANDERS," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed April 17, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1960-1969/1963/1963_22.