COOPER v. AARON

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
1
Petitioner 
Cooper et al., Members of the Board of Directors of the Little Rock, Arkansas, Independent School District, et al.
Respondent 
Aaron et al.
Consolidation 
Aaron et al. v. Cooper et al., Members of the Board of Directors of the Little Rock, Arkansas, Independent School District, et al., No. 1 MISC
Opinion 
Advocates
(Argued the cause for the petitioners)
(Argued the cause for the respondents)
(Argued the cause for the United States, as amicus curiae, in support of the respondents)
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Term:
Facts of the Case 

The Governor and the Legislature of Arkansas openly resisted the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education. They refused to obey court orders designed to implement school desegregation. Local officials delayed plans to do away with segregated public facilities.

Question 

Were Arkansas officials bound by federal court orders mandating desegregation?

Conclusion 
Decision: 9 votes for Aaron, 0 vote(s) against
Legal provision: Equal Protection

In a signed, unanimous per curiam opinion, the Court held that the Arkansas officials were bound by federal court orders that rested on the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education. The Court noted that its interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment in Brown was the supreme law of the land and that it had a "binding effect" on the states. The Court reaffirmed its commitment to desegregation and reiterated that legislatures are not at liberty to annul judgments of the Court.

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COOPER v. AARON. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 28 July 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1950-1959/1958/1958_1>.
COOPER v. AARON, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1950-1959/1958/1958_1 (last visited July 28, 2014).
"COOPER v. AARON," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed July 28, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1950-1959/1958/1958_1.