LINCOLN FEDERAL LABOR UNION v. NORTHWESTERN IRON & METAL CO.

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
47
Appellant 
Lincoln Federal Labor Union
Appellee 
Northwestern Iron & Metal Co. et al.
Consolidation 
No. 34, Whitaker et al. v. North Carolina
Advocates
(argued the cause for appellants in both cases )
(argued the cause for the appellants in No. 34)
(argued the cause for the Northwestern Iron & Metal Co., appellee in No. 47)
(argued the cause for the Nebraska Small Business Men's Association, appellees in No. 47)
(Assistant Attorney General of Nebraska, for the State of Nebraska, appellees in No. 47)
(Assistant Attorney General of North Carolina, argued the cause for appellee in No. 34)
Term:
Facts of the Case 

In 1946, Nebraska amended its Constitution to provide that no one could be denied employment on the basis of membership or non-membership in a labor organization. A number of labor unions challenged the provision and several other right-to-work laws. This case was decided together with Whitaker v. North Carolina.

Question 

Did the Nebraska Constitution as amended violate either the First Amendment or the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?

Conclusion 

The Court held that the Due Process Clause did not prevent states from prohibiting contracts to engage in conduct banned by valid state laws. The liberty of persons to make contracts did not prevent Nebraska from enacting anti-discrimination statutes. The Court noted that the Due Process Clause was "no longer to be so broadly construed that the Congress and state legislatures are put in a strait jacket when they attempt to suppress business and industrial conditions that they regard as offensive to the public welfare."

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LINCOLN FEDERAL LABOR UNION v. NORTHWESTERN IRON & METAL CO.. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 11 November 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1949/1948/1948_47>.
LINCOLN FEDERAL LABOR UNION v. NORTHWESTERN IRON & METAL CO., The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1949/1948/1948_47 (last visited November 11, 2014).
"LINCOLN FEDERAL LABOR UNION v. NORTHWESTERN IRON & METAL CO.," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed November 11, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1940-1949/1948/1948_47.