LOCHNER v. NEW YORK

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Case Basics
Docket No. 
292
Petitioner 
Lochner
Respondent 
New York
Opinion 
Term:
Facts of the Case 

The state of New York enacted a statute forbidding bakers to work more than 60 hours a week or 10 hours a day.

Question 

Does the New York law violate the liberty protected by due process of the Fourteenth Amendment?

Conclusion 
Decision: 5 votes for Lochner, 4 vote(s) against
Legal provision: NY Bakeshop Act

The Court invalidated the New York law. The majority (through Peckham) maintained that the statute interfered with the freedom of contract, and thus the Fourteenth Amendment's right to liberty afforded to employer and employee. The Court viewed the statute as a labor law; the state had no reasonable ground for interfering with liberty by determining the hours of labor.

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LOCHNER v. NEW YORK. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 19 August 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1901-1939/1904/1904_292>.
LOCHNER v. NEW YORK, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1901-1939/1904/1904_292 (last visited August 19, 2014).
"LOCHNER v. NEW YORK," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed August 19, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1901-1939/1904/1904_292.