GROVES v. SLAUGHTER

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Case Basics
Petitioner 
Groves
Respondent 
Slaughter
Opinion 
Term:
Facts of the Case 

Slaughter took a group of slaves to Mississippi to sell them. He accepted partial payment. The note fell due but remained unpaid. A federal court eventually held that Slaughter was entitled to recover the amount of the contract. However, a state constitutional provision adopted prior to Slaughter's sale prohibited his transaction.

Question 

Does the Mississippi constitutional provision banning importation and sale of slaves unconstitutionally encroach on congressional commerce power?

Conclusion 

The provision did not become effective until a supporting statute was enacted, but that supporting statute followed the sale in question. Hence, the contract was valid.

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GROVES v. SLAUGHTER. The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law. 20 June 2014. <http://www.oyez.org/cases/1792-1850/1841/1841_0>.
GROVES v. SLAUGHTER, The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1792-1850/1841/1841_0 (last visited June 20, 2014).
"GROVES v. SLAUGHTER," The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law, accessed June 20, 2014, http://www.oyez.org/cases/1792-1850/1841/1841_0.